Ubc 97 Wind Load Pdf
1 Wind Loads D1. 6 Unbalanced roof. - Specified Rain Load; 4. DESIGN LOADS OTHER THAN IIEARTHQUAKE AND WIND 5 II. 3, footnote f. ASCE, ASTM, UBC-97, IBC, Pakistan Building code. 5 MW 2002 2008 Rotor Size (m) 70 39 85 82. Working Group 2 on Wind Loads. API Standard 521 Pressure-relieving and Depressuring Systems SIXTH EDITION | JANUARY 2014 | 248 PAGES | $275. W900L Studio Sleeper: Kenworth’s. 100% ZEE* 70% Ren. 02: ASCE 7-10 Wind Load Calculator. 20g D Zone 3 = 0. KINETICS™ Seismic & Wind Design Manual Section D2. 3 Overturning Load Analysis D1. BRO1065 03/19 DIVISION HEADQUARTERS 28800 Ida Street P. Wind The UBC wind provisions are a simplified code based on the 1982 standard for wind design, ANSI A58. The wind load table values are based upon monotonic tests. NW 4: NW 5-6 (Gusts 56 mph) NW 5-6. The interested reader is referred to the following for a review of this technology: Applied Technology Council (ATC) (1997), Soong and Dargush (1997), Constantinou. ASCE/SEI 7-10 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures SEI/ASCE 8-02 Standard Specifi cation for the Design of Cold-Formed Stainless Steel Structural Members ANSI/ASCE 9-91 listed with ASCE 3-91 ASCE 10-97 Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures SEI/ASCE 11-99 Guideline for Structural Condition Assessment of Existing. 4 Wind Load Analysis 4. 1 of the AISI-Lateral). 2 Design Data 5. Chapter 16 Structural Forces 2-1. 3 of the State Building Code. B U L L E T I N State of New Jersey Department of Community Affairs Division of Codes and Standards PO Box 802 Trenton, New Jersey 08625-0802 Date: March 1995 Revised: December 2015 Supersedes Bulletin No. Wind tip ratios depend on the particular wind turbine design used, the rotor airfoil profile used, as well as the number of used blades. New Scientist Live At work, school and seeing friends: How to lower your coronavirus risk. ACI, AISC. The Uniform Building Code, 1997 revision. Relocation of Buildings. Wisse1 and Kees Stigter2 1 Technical University Eindhoven, the Netherlands 2 Wageningen University, the Netherlands (since 1/3/’05 Agromet Vision, Bruchem) _____ Abstract The International Association for Wind Engineering (IAWE) has very few contacts in Africa, the second-largest continent. The new requirement will be applicable for all commercial buildings, markets, hospitals and public buildings. The wind load provisions in this code specifically calls out the use of ASCE7 in wind load calculations. 3 m2) and Zone 1 in Table R301. EARTHQUAKE ANALYSIS WITH SAP2000 Input steps 1. 100% ZEE* 70% Ren. 7 Pressure and force coefficients 7 Snow loads 7. ASCE 7-05 - Wind Loads Exposure category •Surface Roughness Category B, C or D •Exposure Category B, C or D •Wind Direction and Sectors For each direction at which the wind loads are to be evaluated, the exposure shall be determined for the two upwind sectors extending 45° either side of the selected wind direction. Load Types Loads used in design load equations are given letters by type: D = dead load L = live load L r = live roof load W = wind load S = snow load E = earthquake load R = rainwater load or ice water load. Engineering Excel Spreadsheet Downloads Civil Engineering Resources Structural Design Engineering Resources. In this article, some of many other important loads are also explained. Wind(ASCE_7-10)_v. Factory Built Buildings. 9% LIVE & DEAD LOADS —Refer to Code Page 2 of 6 01/14/2020. CAP 697 CAA JAR-FCL Examinations - Flight Planning Manual Page v List of Effective Pages iii Revision History 1 Section 1 General Notes Introduction 1 Aircraft Description 1 Layout of Data Sheets 1 Definitions 2 Conversions 4 Section 2 Single-Engined Piston Aeroplane (SEP1) Aeroplane Details 1 Fuel, Time and Distance to Climb 2. Define the UBC ’97 formula. These parameters are specified below; most of the images here are an excerpt from the UBC-97 code. Appliances Electrical Loads Types and Classifications In a previous Topic, “ Electrical Load Classification and Types ”,I show that the electrical loads can be classified into various categories according to various factors; one of these factors is according to load function/usage as follows:. The maximum rotor speed is 17,8 U/min. wind load, seismic load. The DURA-BLOK is UV resistant and suitable for installation on any type of roofing material or other flat surfaces. The trend continues with the 2000 and 2003 editions of the International Building Code, and roof snow load design is a good example of this practice. Chapter 4 gives a brief description of each load and Appendix D derives the equations upon. Wind is measured in both sustained wind speeds, and 3-second gusts. 2015 IBC Update 14 2015 2012 Modification Chapter 4 Special Detailed Requirements Based on Use and Occupancy 404. 00256KzKztKdV2Ip (lb/ft2) (ASCE 7-05 equation 6-15) The five critical parameters used to establish the wind load are: V –The basic wind speed is defined at 33 feet above ground level and dependent on the geographic location. ASCE 7 is considered an accepted engineering practice. cr (ACI) in the application. Fire rating not less than 2 hours for walls, floors, and roofs. revolutionized communication and the world? ANSWER: THE PRINTING PRESS GENR-91; Short Answer: What is the name for the new technology whereby a glass fiber carries as much information as hundreds of copper wires?. 0 Cargo box length (inside at floor) 78. All of the potential load cases required to fully design an actual structure may not be provided by this calculator. TABLE 1604. Structural Commentary June 3, 2017 Page 4 0. The wind load table values are based upon monotonic tests. First, they calculated the lateral loads that could be expected from wind and seismic forces. The design professional should use his or her judgment with. ASCE, ASTM, UBC-97, IBC, Pakistan Building code. Warehouse model in SkyCiv S3D as example. 0 per yr with a limiting acceptance criteria. - There are no SEI/ASCE 7-02 / 05 companion code provisions to 94 UBC 1638. The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) ranks the height of buildings by three methods: (1) Height of. Wind The UBC wind provisions are a simplified code based on the 1982 standard for wind design, ANSI A58. January 25, 2020 Full Story. Xstructures Engineering Consultants FREE STAAD. Member Since: February 14, 2000. Occasionally, reference is made to other codes and standards (e. The popularity of corrosion resistant galvanized steel framing can be attributed to these benefits: High Strength to Weight Ratio In curtainwall applications, the reduced dead load may result in primary frame. Importance factors for snow, wind and seismic loads shall be determined in accordance with Table 1604. 5% 1-Second spectral response S1 : 5. M_Map is a set of mapping tools written for Matlab (it also works under Octave). Civil Engineering. 6668 FAX 402. United States Seismic Zones Map Sorth o. 1987 : Key Projects 05. This whole time I never had problems printing a file to a PDF document. Tower height (Figure 2-1/3) 87. Ventura No. Marcos Regime 02. ASCE 7 is the standard by which wind pressures are determined, and is referenced in model codes adopted as base codes by most every U. This book is a guide to understanding and implementing the new 1997 UBC, with particular emphasis to changes that have been adopted since the 1994 UBC guidelines. 2018 International Building Code. IBC, IPC, IMC, IFGC, IPSDC 2. It is called RCC layout. Wind flow under a roof pushes upward; wind flow over a roof pulls upward. Seismic interaction effects shall be considered in accordance with. OPERATING CONDITIONS & SAFETY RATINGS Model VBHN335KJ01, VBHN325KJ01, VBHN320KJ01 Operating Temperature -40°C to 85°C. ASD/LRFD MANUAL FOR ENGINEERED WOOD CONSTRUCTION iii FOREWORD This Allowable Stress Design/Load and Resistance Factor Design Manual for Engineered Wood Construction (ASD/LRFD Manual) provides guidance for design of most wood-based structural products used in the construction of wood buildings. An-Najah National University : Home. Building Codes and Downloads - Windstorm Inspection Program Documents listed here are available in both pdf format and Microsoft Word 6. 20 g Zone 3 = 0. This guide covers the design of slabs-on-ground for loads from material stored directly on the slab, storage rack loads, and static and dynamic loads associated with equipment and vehicles. Instructional Material Complementing FEMA 451, Design Examples Seismic Load Analysis 9 - 3 Load Analysis Procedure (ASCE 7, NEHRP Recommended Provisions) 1. This is required so that the structure resists, in a ductile manner, potential seismic loads in excess of the prescribed wind loads. wind data at 2 m height for the period 1987 - 1989 for two areas with different roughness in the Gezira scheme (Sudan), west of the line Khartoum/Wad Medani. a 15-story of commercial with area of 2000 Square meter (each floor), need to compute wind load by using UBC 97, and the building is located in amman (jordan), so how can i calculate wind load with detaled pls?. LOADS AND LOAD FACTORS The loads section of the AASHTO LRFD Specifications is greatly expanded over that found in the Standard Specifications. This publication outlines the basic considerations involved in earthquake-resistant design according to the provisions of the 1997 Uniform Building Code (UBC). 15 g Zone 2B = 0. Nonbuilding structures similar to buildings • Dynamic response similar to buildings • Structural systems are designed and constructed similar to buildings • Use provisions of Chapter 15 and applicable parts of Chapters 11, 12, 14,. 6, respectively, in ASCE 7-05). 1 SCOPE This chapter specifies the minimum design forces including dead load, live load, wind and earthquake loads, miscellaneous loads and their various combinations. 2 Open Spring vs. Here in this article we shall cover the method of calculating seismic forces defined in UBC-97. wilkin otter tail. 20 | P a g e "Note: another Model will be represented for Wind drift Checking: Load Combination": Wind Drift = DL+0. This guide covers the design of slabs-on-ground for loads from material stored directly on the slab, storage rack loads, and static and dynamic loads associated with equipment and vehicles. A comprehensive guide for determining the wind pressure of flagpoles, flag loading, bending moments, shear forces and torsional movements on pole, stress analysis and the calculation procedures for each. 100 outside region 2 7. (3) Load Combinations: The 1997 UBC seismic design provisions are based on strength-level design rather than service-level design. 30 July 2015. The design load for such items shall be equal to 1. The acronym 'ICC' and the ICC logo are trademarks and service marks of ICC. The neutral data about the wind speeds is usually de fined in terms of averag ing period, return period, height above ground, topography a nd ground roughness. The design wind speed is based on the fastest-mile wind speed as compared to the 3-sec gust speeds of the later codes. (ANSI/ NAAMM FP 1001-07) (and receive the Metal Flag Pole Manual Free). Foundation. , a wind Importance Factor of 1. 3 COMBINING FACTORED LOADS USING STRENGTH DESIGN 2,3. Certified for high snow (5400Pa) and wind (2400Pa) loads Strength and Durability Higher module conversion efficiency (up to 19. The loads on building, may be a residential or any type of structure, are mainly classified into vertical and horizontal loads. Buildings and other structures and all portions thereof should be designed to resist the most critical effect resulting from the load combinations set forth in Sections 1612. 318‐14 Chapter 7, Approved Version, 2011‐11‐14 Page 1 1 CHAPTER 7 — LOADS 2 3 7. Engineering Excel Spreadsheet Downloads Civil Engineering Resources Structural Design Engineering Resources. STEELER has designed and engineered a slide clip that isolates the non-load wall system from the structure. This formula was developed in 1997 as part of the Uniform Building Code (UBC) for calculation of wind load. South Sudan. combinations). 15 Unbalanced Load Size of 0 MVA to 3 MVA vs. ˇ ˆ ˙ ˝ ˛ ˚˜ !"# ˘$ % ˚˚& ' ˜ '(˚)*'+$) i /01! /21! /31! //1! 5$ˇ! ˙ 9& =& >ˆ %= 6 ˇ ˛ ˙˙ ˙ (j k ! ˛˛ * &ˆ8 8ˆ8' 9c=9 'i8. Now in simple words, the maximum limit for seismic drift is:- As we want the drift for wind to be on drift load combinations and not on wind load cases, so. modernization of these facilities. The ultimate wind load, W, is given as F H W C VI W LF. Delucchib, Mary A. Understand applicable wind loads from ASCE 7-10 for structures within the WFCM scope. These exemptions do not apply to stations in the continental US. Residential Foundation Design. Occupancy Category is now called "Risk Category". The 7 MW customer-owned portion of the program is closed. Press Release 09 June 2020 Siemens and Exyte join forces to deliver integrated solutions for fast-track construction of smart biotech facilities Covid-19 poses major challenges for developing and mass-producing vaccines and medicines in existing production facilities. Chung Collection, containing more than 25,000 rare and unique items (documents, books, maps, posters, paintings, photographs, silver, glass, ceramic ware and other artifacts). 5" x 11" or A5), add some text to it and save it out. A Hawaii 50-year Basic Wind Speed is derived from 1968 data that did not include explicit analysis of hurricane risk. A foundation transfers the load of a structure to the earth and resists loads imposed by the earth. Wind tunnel testing, especially at transonic speeds and cryogenic temperatures requires some planning. 3 of the 1997 UBC) to 2. The Institution of Structural Engineers The Institution of Civil Engineers MARCH 2000 Manual for the design of reinforced concrete building structures to EC2. The uses of these codes are depending on the. Similar concept has been continued in UBC-97 [6]. 1 100M 20 25 www. The lateral-load-resistance of any story shall not be less than 89% of that of that of the story above. The 2019 Denver Building and Fire Code includes the following codes except as amended herein. 6 Unbalanced roof. 8, the cracked moment is based on f. Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures, describes each category. 7(for column) by 1. ASCE/SEI 7-05 Chapter 13 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures. Operational Load Combinations (1)Prior to the 1988 Uniform Building Code, UBC natural hazard phenomenon (earthquake, wind, flooding and precipitation) and operational load combinations were divided into two categories: NORMAL-Loads such as dead, live and design basis pressure. 6, respectively, in ASCE 7-05). Pursuant to the erratum issued by. ASME VIII-1, paragraph UG-22, requires that all external loads acting on the pressure vessel be taken into account as well. Seismic Zones Zone 0 = 0 g Zone 1 = 0. Self Weight, Joint Weights, Member. Risk Category is a new concept under the 2012 IBC wind provisions which impact the wind pressure coefficients. You may have the 1997 UBC spectra generated automatically by selecting "UBC 97, Parametric Design Spectra" for your RSA. Design of Concrete Buildings for Earthquake & Wind Forces According to the 1997 Uniform Building Code. D-18 Table D-6. define ubc load zone 0. State Snow Load Information Alabama. 45kN)(Uniform Load)* • DURA-BLOK DB10-Series channel support is designed for superior support of piping systems, cable tray, HVAC equipment, walkway systems and many other applications. Seismic Design Specification for Buildings, Structures, Equipment, and Systems: 2020 12/31/2019 1 1 General Design Requirements SLAC will use the 2019 California Building Code (CBC) for structural design criteria. Seasonal profiles for the load, wind power, and solar power (Scenario A) speed distribution; see Eggleston and Stoddard 1987. • The tapered cone head forces failure of the. Under 97 UBC Section 1914. When operating at low load, the engine will suffer bore glazing, reducing service life. 9 s to 2 s, and shows the start of minimum interval of both ECL and EC8 to raise their conservativeness above IBC and update the order to UBC-ECL. Carvalho, M. Fire suppression required by Section 419. Ghosh Associates Inc. Bangladesh National Building Code, BNBC (Draft) Earth Quake Loads Part 6 Chap. Ultimate loads are the limit loads times a factor of 1. Therefore, the SI wind load unit is Newtons or Pascals. Wind Load & Spacing 24"o. 17 V 2 Phase For Different Unbalanced Load Types Relative to 0, 240, 120 ABC Phases. the loads imposed, as determined from the character of the soil. and then found out we had to use the UBC. determined using an effective wind area of 100 square feet (9. This course will addresses the. Time-history analysis captures the step-by-step response of structures to seismic ground motion and other types of loading such as blast, machinery, wind, waves, etc. water penetration resistance, uniform load, and, where required, forced-entry resistance and operating force. The interested reader is referred to the following for a review of this technology: Applied Technology Council (ATC) (1997), Soong and Dargush (1997), Constantinou. 02: ASCE 7-10 Wind Load Calculator. Importance factors for snow, wind and seismic loads shall be determined in accordance with Table 1604. President/Ceo Based on the Uniform Building Code (UBC 1970) Divided the Philippines into 3 zones with UBC 1985) •Wind pressure, P = C e C q q s I. Building structures move with dead, live and snow loads, wind and seismic forces, and temperature changes. 60 PDF* Normal Gamma Lognormal. Mukherjee*, Steven K. 7 WIND --> X direction = DL+0. Snow Load 5400 Pa (3600 Pa*) Wind Load 2400 Pa (1600 Pa*) *esign load with safety factor 1. abbatia : abbey, monastery. General Requirements 1)The building shall be designed to meet the requirements of this subsection and of the. In addition, this decision determines that realization of the PSP by 2030. 2015 IBC Update 14 2015 2012 Modification Chapter 4 Special Detailed Requirements Based on Use and Occupancy 404. 3, footnote f. Andrew, PE. The information reflects the ASCE maps electronically to speed up critical design project information and displays easily for your convenience. examined the potential for wind to provide a large fraction of the nation’s electricity supply. The original proposal of UBC-97 has changed in the most recent recommendation of US Codes (IBC-2006 2006, ASCE-7 2010). 2(2), as adjusted for height and exposure per Table R301. Now, assume Finishing load to be 1 kN per meter and superimposed live load to be 2 kN per meter. (Max Ground Acceleration) Guam Hagatna Puerto Rico San Juan Caribbean & Virgin Islands 800-704-2650 Washington. The most common test method for determining fire resistance in the United States is the ASTM Standard E 119, Test. The Newton Method, properly used, usually homes in on a root with devastating e ciency. roof live loads, since piling bundles of shingles or other building materials on solar panels could scratch or damage the panels, and perhaps also slide off. snow load Groudingconductivity Insulation resistance Application class [0 [11k] [11k] 46±2 +0. Rain Loads: Ponding - water accumulates on roof faster than it runs off thus increasing the roof 18. Repealed by Ord. circuit breaker in the 120‐volt load center is providing power to this romex. 3 Seismic Load Analysis 5. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) is published by the International Conference of Building Officials (ICBO), headquartered in Whittier, California. Expected frequency: 1. Corpus ID: 113097843. Wind Loads: The design wind speed for the metal building system shall be [ mph] [3 second gust] [fastest mile] or as defined on the contract documents. You are responsible for ensuring that your project complies with ICC codes as well as Denver's amendments to the ICC codes, which are located in the Denver Building and Fire Code. 7 of the 2006 International Building Code. 85% ZEE* Increased sales of high efficiency appliances, LEDs Ramp up sales of heat pump space heaters and water heaters Ramp up sales of electric light-duty vehicles 50-70% sales of heat pumps. No matter the size, T. wind data at 2 m height for the period 1987 - 1989 for two areas with different roughness in the Gezira scheme (Sudan), west of the line Khartoum/Wad Medani. basic design loads ( dead loads, live loads, wind loads and seismic loads ) to be assumed in the design of the buildings. DESIGN LOADS OTHER THAN EARTHQUAKE AND WIND A. Like so much of the di erential calculus, it is based on the simple idea of linear approximation. This is a beta release of the new ATC Hazards by Location website. , ACi 318-99 or 1997 NDS). 1 when the upgrade became available. iii) Test load direction In ASTM C1354, one group of specimen shall be tested with the load applied outward, and one group with the load applied inward. Chapter 4 gives a brief description of each load and Appendix D derives the equations upon. ASCE/SEI 7-10 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures SEI/ASCE 8-02 Standard Specifi cation for the Design of Cold-Formed Stainless Steel Structural Members ANSI/ASCE 9-91 listed with ASCE 3-91 ASCE 10-97 Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures SEI/ASCE 11-99 Guideline for Structural Condition Assessment of Existing. 6, or concrete-braced frame designed in accord-ance with Section 1921. 3 Seismic Loads D1. Runs on Windows and Linux. Wind load The design wind velocity shall be according to the requirements. The span rating on SHEATHING SPAN panels appears as two numbers separated by a slash (e. This type is not covered in this project. B5B BASE SHOE 1/4 47. This application utilizes wind loading calculations per the UBC. The STEELER slide clip allows the structure to deflect vertically for any designed. 3R-93 (Reapproved 2006) Covers the design and construction of foundation piers 30 in. 9 s to 2 s, and shows the start of minimum interval of both ECL and EC8 to raise their conservativeness above IBC and update the order to UBC-ECL. 1 of the AISI-Lateral). delivered from all new wind projects does not exceed the projected cumulative amount of renewable energy credits to be delivered from all new photovoltaic projects by 200,000 or more renewable energy credits. Parapets on Upper Roof May be Used to Reduce Step Loads– The effect of a parapet on the upper roof is to provide a location for. 7 of the 2006 International Building Code. wind load, seismic load. 2 This part (Part 3) deals with wind loads to be considered when designing. A design criteria for pole foundations is indicated in Section 1804 and Paragraph 1805. Repealed by Ord. circuit breaker in the 120‐volt load center is providing power to this romex. Wind Analysis for Freestanding Wall & Sign Based on ASCE 7-16, 10 & 05: 26: Snow: Snow Load Analysis Based on ASCE 7-16, 10, 05, & UBC: 27: Wall Lateral Force - CBC: Lateral Force for One-Story Wall Based on 2019 CBC: 28: Wall Lateral Force - IBC: Lateral Force for One-Story Wall Based on 2019 CBC/2018 IBC: 29: High-Rise Building. Division I - General Design Requirements 2-1. 2018 International Building Code. However, it is necessary to measure the structural displacement and acceleration responses at each story for the simultaneous identification of structural parameters and unknown wind load. pdf - Free download as PDF File (. The bottom of the footing is 13 ft below finished grade. Pole Foundation Design with Spreadsheet. The uses of these codes are depending on the. - There are no SEI/ASCE 7-02 / 05 companion code provisions to 94 UBC 1638. 1930 Uniform Building Code: Failure to have this version will result in a failure to load. ASD/LRFD MANUAL FOR ENGINEERED WOOD CONSTRUCTION iii FOREWORD This Allowable Stress Design/Load and Resistance Factor Design Manual for Engineered Wood Construction (ASD/LRFD Manual) provides guidance for design of most wood-based structural products used in the construction of wood buildings. "^'^^ The 1-year statistics might be used to develop load combinations rules for checking static deflections. i need to calc at 90mph. SNOW-LOAD ANALYSIS ELEVATION MAP Douglas County, Colorado Building Division ^ Vicinity Map Colorado Douglas County Pueblo Denver Fort Collins Grand Junction C ol rad Springs Du ra ngo S te ambo Sp rings §¨¦70 §¨¦25 C O U N T Y G E O G RAP H IC N F O R M A T I O N S Y S T E M S D O U G LA S 1:63,360 1 inch equals 1 mile 1 0. 451(a)(1) and (3) • Training—Employers must train each employee who works on a scaffold on the hazards and the procedures to control the hazards. Structures on a shoreline with wind flowing over open water for a distance of at least one mile are located in exposure D. 4 Wind Load Analysis 4. cr (UBC) = 2/3 M. All of the potential load cases required to fully design an actual structure may not be provided by this calculator. In this article, some of many other important loads are also. wind data at 2 m height for the period 1987 - 1989 for two areas with different roughness in the Gezira scheme (Sudan), west of the line Khartoum/Wad Medani. You can calculate wind loads from wind speeds but to get an accurate answer you need much more information. 3 included this effect, it must be adjusted to 1. A continuous load path shall be designed to transmit the uplift forces from the rafter or truss ties to the foundatio n. Part A provides a brief history of how earthquake-resisting provisions of the Uniform Building Code (UBC) have evolved and relates those changes to the ex-pected seismic performance of nonstructural building components in older buildings. 3 Seismic Loads D1. This is the basic history. Load ratings are only valid static loads and spans with two supporting points. 3-1 R factor values in UBC-97 for moment resisting frames (MRF) 20 3-2 Basic value of response factor q 0 in Eurocode 23 3-3 Values of kD represent ductility class in Eurocode 24 3-4 Values of kR reflecting structural irregularity in elevation in Eurocode 24 3-5 Comparison of R factor for EC-8, Japan and Mexico seismic codes 25. 17 for SDC A and B only. Michigan Public Service Commission December 2017 Net Metering & Solar Program Report for Calendar Year 2016 Page 11 Figure 9: Histogram of 2016 Wind Net Metering Installations by Capacity Size Michigan’s Solar Programs DTE SolarCurrents DTE launched SolarCurrents in 2009. 0 feet – 175. 10 Egress Travel through an Atrium The three distinct travel distance conditions that could potentially occur for areas open to an atrium are now each addressed individually in order to clarify their application. Design and Construction of Drilled Piers Reported by ACI Committee 336 ACI 336. The design wind speed is based on the fastest-mile wind speed as compared to the 3-sec gust speeds of the later codes. Civilax is the Knowledge Base covering all disciplines in Civil Engineering. and then found out we had to use the UBC. , a wind Importance Factor of 1. Fire suppression required by Section 419. Occupancy Category is now called "Risk Category". Buildings and other structures except those listed in Risk Categories I, III and IV. Loads Included and Load Combina-tions. 10) - h s = Story height - ∆ s = Displ. of shear walls for wind resistance has been revised from 3. The IBC code has also a recommended load and load combinations, grab your copy here. S Austin* IP ,, Seismic Zones (Ground Acceleration) D Zone 0 = O. cls october 15, 2005 17:48 table 12. 5 For simplicity, the front and back pressures on the parapet have been combined into one coefficient for MWFRS design. Typical Statistical Data for Common Structural Loads (1a) T = 1 year Load Dead, D Live, L Snow, S Wind, W Mean/Nominal 1. Therefore, the loads at many locations on a turbine must be determined (either from analysis or test) and archived for future use in the fatigue analysis. zone 5 - max wind pressure n/a n/a opening type "e" 2 (48 x 63) fixed windows at top & 2 (48 x 25) windows at bottom w/ 3 mullions zone 4 - max wind pressure +58. Denver has adopted the 2018 ICC (International Code Council) codes listed below. 1 of the AISI-Lateral). Wind Analysis for Freestanding Wall & Sign Based on ASCE 7-16, 10 & 05: 26: Snow: Snow Load Analysis Based on ASCE 7-16, 10, 05, & UBC: 27: Wall Lateral Force - CBC: Lateral Force for One-Story Wall Based on 2019 CBC: 28: Wall Lateral Force - IBC: Lateral Force for One-Story Wall Based on 2019 CBC/2018 IBC: 29: High-Rise Building. C DAS Office of Education and Data Management Spring 2019 Career Development Series. A Hawaii 50-year Basic Wind Speed is derived from 1968 data that did not include explicit analysis of hurricane risk. loads are longitudinal and transverse, skewed superstructure loads are converted (using vector components) to normal and parallel footing loads. of up to: 97. C) formed by the longitudinal axis of the airplane and the chord line of the wing. CryogenicTesting. 1997 UNIFORM BUILDING CODE, VOLUMES 1, 2, AND 3 ORDINANCE NO. However, UBC-97 is the last version – the IBC will replace it. We aim to close the gap to the industry by improving the awareness about latest trends in Civil Engineering. Vehicle Technology Center U. slab, 6x6 - w1. The STEELER slide clip allows the structure to deflect vertically for any designed. Camerona, and Bethany A. In 2016, ERCOT used wind generation to meet ~15% of its annual electricity demand. 2 Imbalanced Shear Load Analysis D1. Use Equation 14. LOAD AND RESISTANCE FACTOR DESIGN (LRFD) is a method of proportioning structural elements using load and. 2 shall be used only in those cases in which they are specifically authorized by the applicable material design. used, but they typically defined the load cases or combination, stress or strength limits, and deflection limits. Working Group 2 on Wind Loads. Earthquake load Earthquake load shall be specified in the job specification according to the latest edition of Uniform Building Code (UBC). revolutionized communication and the world? ANSWER: THE PRINTING PRESS GENR-91; Short Answer: What is the name for the new technology whereby a glass fiber carries as much information as hundreds of copper wires?. Wind causes pressures and suctions on wall and roof surfaces of buildings. 3 Seismic Loads D1. Wood Construction Connectors Catalog 2019 C-C-2019 – Wood Construction Connectors Catalog The 2019–2020 Wood Construction Connectors catalog (C-C-2019) is a comprehensive guide to the company's most recent innovations and product line expansions as well as our existing solutions for wood construction applications. Has been adapted from a document prepared for the International Standards Organisation (I SO). Adoption of the Uniform Building Code. 20g D Zone 3 = 0. Automated wind loading has been added according to the Australian and New Zealand code AS/NZS 1170. 075 g Zone 2A = 0. • Voltage Level • Network configuration • Transformers configurations • Overhead Vs underground networks • Length of adjacent network • Vegetation • Weather (lightning, wind, snow, ice, …). 0kPa against the sign. Now, assume Finishing load to be 1 kN per meter and superimposed live load to be 2 kN per meter. 5 % Improved energy production due to low temperature coefficients IP68 junction box for long-term weather endurance Heavy snow load up to 6000 Pa, wind load up to 4000 Pa * * Please contact your local Canadian Solar sales representative for the specific product certificates applicable in your market. Equivalent-Lateral-Force Procedure I. 15 g Zone 2B = 0. In this article, some of many other important loads are also explained. I have always used the ASCE 7 for wind load calculations – since it replaced the ANSI code. wind load, seismic load. ASCE 7-10 uses three different basic wind speed maps for different categories of building occupancies. In 1994, a reorganization of the UBC re-designated the test standard as Test Standard 26-4. , Montreal, Canada ABSTRACT: Extreme wind events account for a significant number of casualties and dam-. Wind(ASCE_7-10)_v. 8, the cracked moment is based on f. The 2019 Denver Building and Fire Code includes the following codes except as amended herein. • Manlifts that do not meet inspection criteria are to be taken out of service and are not to be used until repaired. 15g D Zone 28 = 0. Site location (from Google Maps). However, it is necessary to measure the structural displacement and acceleration responses at each story for the simultaneous identification of structural parameters and unknown wind load. Loads are in pounds per square foot. University of Colorado Boulder. Wind drift can be check as per load combinations specified in the ASCE7-10 commentary (CC-3) as: 1. Reliability and mechanical design BIT analysis and design reliability Design for reliability. 866 SUSPENSION Front configuration Front independent MacPherson strut suspension w/stabilizer bar. 4101:1-16-01 Structural design. what airfoil equations to use? i initially though i would calc max downforce or uplift by considering the area as a vertical plane using the UBC '97 equation force=A. For the design of an actual structure, a registered and licensed professional should be consulted as per IRC 2012 Sec. You are required to login to our secure server and register your copy. Thus, in the OAS/NCST/BAPE "Code of Practice for Wind Loads for Structural Design"1 the definition reads: "The basic wind speed V is the 3-second gus t speed estimated to be exceeded on the. 7 provide a positive direct. Pole Foundation Design with Spreadsheet. Wind flow under a roof pushes upward; wind flow over a roof pulls upward. Los Angeles etc. Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures, describes each category. by Paul Fisette – ©2003 Wood is naturally engineered […]. 11 for the continuous load path transmitting the uplift forces from the rafter or truss ties to the foundation. The objective of this handbook is twofold: to provide the Airframe and Powerplant Mechanic (A&P) with the method of determining the empty weight and. The BOCA national building code. All components shall be assigned a component importance factor as indicated in this section. of shear walls for wind resistance has been revised from 3. 3 Overturning Load Analysis D1. Individual titles are listed below. F = A x P, were. The new requirement will be applicable for all commercial buildings, markets, hospitals and public buildings. The founding purpose of the ICBO in 1922 was the development of a building code that all communities could accept (adopt by reference) and enforce. See Appendix B for calculations of the seismic load. 2 Design Data 5. - Specified Rain Load; 4. 2307 Live Loads Posted. This course will addresses the. Moawya Zafarini, Head of the structural engineering unit at Dubai Municipality, says the circular stipulates to amend the specifications of wind and seismic loads for buildings higher than ten floors to 'non-traditional' buildings. The rotor diameter of the Gamesa G97 is 97,0 m. South Sudan. Effective wind speed calculation in accordance with BS 6399-2 Section 2. Since the 1994 Northridge. 0kPa against the sign. Provide evidence of compliance on plans and submit “Manual J” (Load calculations for A/C system per IMC 312. I was particularly amused to see the way that the structural engineering community has rallied in defense of a standard that they openly despise. It is shown that the variability of these components has a significant influence on the total reliability of wind loads. 17 V 2 Phase For Different Unbalanced Load Types Relative to 0, 240, 120 ABC Phases. 4 wwm 2" sand bed, 6 mil vapor barrier for expansive soil: see local jurisdiction requirements property line 24" min. In publications on wind energy only combined all-sector distribution counts. Research has shown that protecting the windows and doors can raise the wind speed required to lift your roof off you. The design wind speed is based on the fastest-mile wind speed as compared to the 3-sec gust speeds of the later codes. Select mass definition option: From Loads c. 4-b may be divided into three intervals: (1) the first one varies from 0. Warehouse model in SkyCiv S3D as example. Full-load current = -----1. OR 1/4X6 WOODSCREW. 1 Introduction 4. ASCE, ASTM, UBC-97, IBC, Pakistan Building code. ft-lb ASTM F879 Cond AF. 0731 Wind Parameters Wind (ASCE 7-10 / NSCP 2015) Vwind = 250 kph I = 1. 55%) due to Passivated Emmiter Rear Contact (PERC) technology High Efficiency Advanced glass technology improves light absorption and retention Low-Light Performance PID Free World’s 1st PID-Free module ISO9001. East Coast Headquarters 732. The interested reader is referred to the following for a review of this technology: Applied Technology Council (ATC) (1997), Soong and Dargush (1997), Constantinou. Mukherjee*, Steven K. DESIGN LOADS OTHER THAN EARTHQUAKE AND WIND A. To figure out the load on your roof, take the depth of snow in feet and multiply it by the weight of a cubic foot of snow. Member Since: February 14, 2000. Each motorhome chassis manufacturer makes multiple versions of the same chassis, with different wheelbases. Building Loading - Wind Load (Revised: 06/02/2019) The Wind Load tab defines design related information regarding the Building's (or Shape's) Wind Load. Men's Basketball RECAP: Wesmen top Heat in the final home game of the season After falling behind early, UBCO Heat were unable to close the gap on the Winnipeg Wesmen, losing (97-84) Saturday night at the UBC Okanagan Gymnasium. Pursuant to the erratum issued by. National Gypsum Company Construction Guide 311 Steel Stud p artitions Steel stud gypsum board partitions are comprised of steel floor and ceiling tracks, steel studs and Gold Bond® brand Gypsum Board, which is attached with drywall screws. This set includes all versions of Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures, Standard ASCE 7. 35 PSF 12"o. The wind load provisions in this code specifically calls out the use of ASCE7 in wind load calculations. I have always used the ASCE 7 for wind load calculations - since it replaced the ANSI code. After 30 years of formulating, testing and manufacturing vertical wall products, Stuc-O-Flex International, Inc. It may be that UBC treats the pressures on the side walls as equal to the windward wall pressure, conservatively. 0 per yr with a limiting acceptance criteria. Building Frame System 5. ASCE 7-10 Wind loads (W) in Chapter 2 load combinations now have a 0. Ventura No. Wood Construction Connectors Catalog 2019 C-C-2019 – Wood Construction Connectors Catalog The 2019–2020 Wood Construction Connectors catalog (C-C-2019) is a comprehensive guide to the company's most recent innovations and product line expansions as well as our existing solutions for wood construction applications. ASCE, ASTM, UBC-97, IBC, Pakistan Building code. , are contained in Section 423 of the Florida Building Code and the Florida Department of Education publication, “State Requirements for Educational Facilities 2014” (effective November 2014). Loading definition, the act of a person or thing that loads. 1 Wind Loads D1. Since mid-April 2020, easterly wind anomalies have mostly persisted over the. 2017 in particular, was a spectacular year for the offshore wind sector with some key milestone events, such as. Loads Included and Load Combina-tions. Latest data published. wadena st louis. 5 Gravity Load Analysis 4. 7 References 5. (2) Evaluation of bearing capacity can be complicated by environmental and soil conditions. Three different approaches for determining wind loads on buildings are given: 1) simple procedure; 2) experimental procedure; and 3) detailed procedure. i need to calc at 90mph. The structure must be modeled so that the gravity acts in the direction opposite to the GCS Z-direction. Recognising the need for each country susceptible to disasters to have appropriate construction standards, the Association of Caribbean States (ACS) has embarked on a project aiming at "Updating Building Codes of the Greater Caribbean for Winds and Earthquakes (ACS-ND-001)" and thereby reducing the vulnerability to natural disasters. loads that were close to the previous all-time winter peak, with eight of 10 areas setting new all-time peaks either on January 6 or 7, 2014. snow load Groudingconductivity Insulation resistance Application class [0 [11k] [11k] 46±2 +0. Green tech: Google shifts data center workloads to follow the sun - and the wind. Applicable loads shall be considered, including both earth- quake and wind, in accordance with the specified load combi- nations. Wind Load Revisions in 2010 National Building Code of Canada and Future Research-Based Submissions Ted Stathopoulos a, Ioannis Zisis a a Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, 1515 Ste Catherine W. Please note: This older article by our former faculty member remains available on our site for archival purposes. 2 Section 2. Straightforward. 97 MoveJSync. GE Enters Wind Industry 1 9 9 6 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 4 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 7 2 0 0 8 GE 1. , ACi 318-99 or 1997 NDS). A wind load is a measure of the force exerted on a surface by the wind, which can be expressed as a force on the whole surface or a pressure (which is simply force per unit area). 1 SCOPE This chapter specifies the minimum design forces including dead load, live load, wind and earthquake loads, miscellaneous loads and their various combinations. Design for wind-borne debris is not required. Xstructures Engineering Consultants FREE STAAD. I have Windows 8 and I upgraded to Windows 8. restraint and to resist the applied loads. 2013 0619. In its first revision in 1964, the wind pressure provisions were modified on the basis of studies of wind phenomenon and its effect on structures, undertaken by the special. 2) i need to submit design loads. Loads Included and Load Combina-tions. Calculates gust effect factors as well. Load Calculations ASCE 7-05, 10 SEISMIC LOAD CALCULATION. 2 Mechanical stress on inductive voltage transformers 86 6. a 15-story of commercial with area of 2000 Square meter (each floor), need to compute wind load by using UBC 97, and the building is located in amman (jordan), so how can i calculate wind load with detaled pls?. Factored Loads Determined Based on a Pile Spacing of 6 ft. In 1999, the Chung family made an exceptional gift to the University of British Columbia Library, with their donation of The Wallace B. Occupancy Category however is a category used to determine structural requirements based on occupancy which can range from I to IV. provisions of the Uniform Building Code (UBC) 1997 edition are substantially equivalent to, or exceed, the 1997 NEHRP Provisions. 02 Loads and materials. When operating at low load, the engine will suffer bore glazing, reducing service life. los angeles regional uniform code program larucp/ carport6/2001 3-1/2" conc. Reliability and mechanical design BIT analysis and design reliability Design for reliability The role of reliability and risk assessment in LMFBR design: Implementation of reliability in LMFBR design. Chung and Madeline H. ft-lb SAE J429 Grade 8 ft-lb. Wind Load Revisions in 2010 National Building Code of Canada and Future Research-Based Submissions Ted Stathopoulos a, Ioannis Zisis a a Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, 1515 Ste Catherine W. PDF English 99 $1,990. PMG 1650 – 6400 kW 136 – 414 rpm Medium-speed permanent magnet generators PMG 1650 – 6400 kW 100% purpose-built for wind The Switch is fully committed to wind power generation. CAP 697 CAA JAR-FCL Examinations - Flight Planning Manual Page v List of Effective Pages iii Revision History 1 Section 1 General Notes Introduction 1 Aircraft Description 1 Layout of Data Sheets 1 Definitions 2 Conversions 4 Section 2 Single-Engined Piston Aeroplane (SEP1) Aeroplane Details 1 Fuel, Time and Distance to Climb 2. pdf BCM 1611. Seismic Design Specification for Buildings, Structures, Equipment, and Systems: 2020 12/31/2019 1 1 General Design Requirements SLAC will use the 2019 California Building Code (CBC) for structural design criteria. Chapter 4 gives a brief description of each load and Appendix D derives the equations upon. The loads are limited to those due to wind, wave and current. what airfoil equations to use? i initially though i would calc max downforce or uplift by considering the area as a vertical plane using the UBC '97 equation force=A. The following data sources are used by this calculator: Buildings under 60' in height : IBC_2003; Buildings between 60' and 400' in height: UBC_97. The DURA-BLOK is UV resistant and suitable for installation on any type of roofing material or other flat surfaces. 5 or Table 1. The International Code Council (ICC) is a non-profit organization dedicated to developing model codes and standards used in the design, build and compliance process. Wind Drift Load Combinations. pdf), Text File (. ) In addition, a set of data measured at three-hour intervals was obtained for nearby Jurh, for the years 1977-1979. Design for wind-borne debris is not required. This whole time I never had problems printing a file to a PDF document. Wind engineering in Africa Jacob A. Summary ASCE standard, "Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures" (ASCE 7-95 a revision of ANSI/ASCE 7-93), gives requirements for dead, live, soil, flood, wind, snow, rain, ice, and earthquake loads, and their combinations, that are suitable for inclusion in building codes and other documents. For grid connected wind turbines with three rotor blades the optimal wind tip speed ratio is reported as 7, with values over the range 6-8. Run the analysis. the cut-out wind speed is 25,0 m/s. The extended minimum variance unbiased estimation approach can be used for joint state/parameter/input estimation based on the measured structural responses. Equivalent-Lateral-Force Procedure I. the State Building Code shall be permitted to be built as one- and two-family dwellings or townhouses. If wind and ice loads added simultaneously then diameter of insulation Dk (D) is increased by the ice layer thickness. January 25, 2020 Full Story. The sloshing effect due to product movement in the tank as a result of. References to IBC sections, tables, and equa­ tions are enclosed in parentheses. ISO Types 1-6: Construction Code Descriptions 4 *Because of heavier construction with no wood framing in roof, roof to wall anchorage is typically an engineered bolted and/or structural roof connection. 14 (5) VSWR < 1. In the early 1990’s, an SPI-sponsored test program aimed to revise the test procedure. 5 Direction of Load Application D1. 0 SECTION D2. When operating at low load, the engine will suffer bore glazing, reducing service life. 2 and EN 1991 (EC1). January 25, 2020 Full Story. Gust wind loads are of relatively short duration. Box 358 Valley, Nebraska 68064-0358 USA PHONE 402. Primary full-load current 2 kVA. PDF Creator Create PDF Docs, Forms, and Portfolios. • The AEO is developed using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS), an integrated model that. ASME VIII-1, paragraph UG-22, requires that all external loads acting on the pressure vessel be taken into account as well. THE FOREGOING WARRANTIES ARE IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,. Replacement intervals therefore may e ven exceed 6 years in case of the hybrid solution. 499) Revised as of July 1, 2017 Containing a codification of documents of general applicability and future effect As of July 1, 2017. But every time I do this the the outputted PDF is always. For this analysis American standard ASCE-7 -05, British standard BSI: CP3: chapter V: part2 and Indian standard IS 875 and IS 802(part1/sec1):1995 were used to compare wind load. The vertical loads are the dead and live load. Design Load calculations for earthquake, wind, gravity using international codes. 2 Design Data 5. This formula was developed in 1997 as part of the Uniform Building Code (UBC) for calculation of wind load. The component importance factor, Ip, shall be taken as 1. To allow for this, we recommend that the drift load be considered to taper from the peak value to the uniform roof load on a 5:1 slope. General Residential Code Requirements Page 6 of 11 • Heating and air conditioning equipment performance must comply with IRC N1103. ing to a fire resistance rating. NW 4: NW 5-6 (Gusts 56 mph) NW 5-6. Section 1004 Occupant Load Section 1011 Stairways Section 107 Submittal Documents Section 1006 Number of Exits and Exit Access Doorways Section 1017 Exit Access Travel Distance Section 1029 Assembly Section 1005 Means of Egress Sizing Section 1609 Wind Loads Section 1607 Live Loads Section 1010 Doors, Gates and Turnstiles. C DAS Office of Education and Data Management Spring 2019 Career Development Series. Wind Tunnel Testing. Wind Loads are important consideration in structural engineering in the design of a structure. Part A provides a brief history of how earthquake-resisting provisions of the Uniform Building Code (UBC) have evolved and relates those changes to the ex-pected seismic performance of nonstructural building components in older buildings. Complete from A-Z!. Pursuant to the erratum issued by. A rolling node is assigned to provide support in only one direction, often the Y-direction of a truss member. Loads Included and Load Combina-tions. In UBC-94 [5], the vertical distribution of base shear was changed from an uniform one to a triangular one, which is generally used for fixed-base structures and produces very con-servative load distribution. Residential Foundation Design. Straightforward. 97) Element Housing Length, m (ft) 2. Moawya Zafarini, Head of the structural engineering unit at Dubai Municipality, says the circular stipulates to amend the specifications of wind and seismic loads for buildings higher than ten floors to ‘non-traditional’ buildings. The paper presents design of skirt as basic component of vessel based on Uniform Building Code (UBC). Hyndman, R. We use UBC 97 for this example (UBC 97 is one of the references of NSCP) 'Seismic Definitions' include main EQ Parameters as well as seismic weights, i. 15 g Zone 2B = 0. To determine the wind load value for a double nailed assembly, locate the blind nailing and the face nailing wind values as listed in the product’s evaluation report (ICC-ES ESR-2290). New additions to the Standard. Design Wind Load Table (psf)Design Wind Load Table (psf) Mean Roof Height (ft. wind load is my last piece. * Reference ASCE 7-05 for further. 25(8), may I use the ASCE 7 standard as an option to determine wind loads on a dwelling even though the resultant wind pressure may be less than 20 PSF? Yes. 9 s and codes order (according to conservativeness level) is UBC-IBC-ECL-EC8, (2) the second one varies from 0. 3 terrain exposures termed "B" "C" & "D", are cited in the table. wind load/Max. 2 IMPORTANCE FACTORS. examined the potential for wind to provide a large fraction of the nation’s electricity supply. With our purpose-built permanent magnet generators (PMG), we cover all wind power applications. 0 Cargo box length (inside at floor) 78. 7 WIND --> X direction = DL+0. 5 For simplicity, the front and back pressures on the parapet have been combined into one coefficient for MWFRS design. C) formed by the longitudinal axis of the airplane and the chord line of the wing. The Newton Method, properly used, usually homes in on a root with devastating e ciency. Design and Construction of Drilled Piers Reported by ACI Committee 336 ACI 336. 100 outside region 2 7. AMENDMENTS TO UBC-97 VOLUMENS 1,2 AND 3 Section 104. Go to Table of Contents. 5 feet on the roof, each square foot of the roof is getting 15 pounds of pressure. This Standard provides requirements for general structural design and includes means for determining dead, live, soil, flood, wind, snow, rain, atmospheric ice, and earthquake loads, as well as their combinations, which are suitable for. Adding to SkyCiv's already list of free tools, is the new Wind Load Calculator for ASCE 7-10, AS 1170. ca Short Course for CSCE Calgary 2006 Annual Conference Lecture 5 Building Irregularities Instructor: Dr. University of British Columbia. A G E N D A 01. The Building and Safety Division has been providing services to ensure safe building design and construction since 1933 through enforcement of building codes and standards. 15 Unbalanced Load Size of 0 MVA to 3 MVA vs. The equation for the wind load design force (F. The LRFD methodology for wood adopts code-accepted load factors that smooth reliability across load cases. 3 Component Importance Factor. Wind Load on Saudi Arabia According to U B C 1997 - Free download as PDF File (. 0 Exposure = B (typical residential structure in. Engineering Excel Spreadsheet Downloads Civil Engineering Resources Structural Design Engineering Resources. 20 g Zone 3 = 0. New Scientist Live At work, school and seeing friends: How to lower your coronavirus risk. g8 jan 3 slope. The extended minimum variance unbiased estimation approach can be used for joint state/parameter/input estimation based on the measured structural responses. Nonbuilding Structures. Sign in to iCloud to access your photos, videos, documents, notes, contacts, and more. • Voltage Level • Network configuration • Transformers configurations • Overhead Vs underground networks • Length of adjacent network • Vegetation • Weather (lightning, wind, snow, ice, …). Share what you know and love through presentations, infographics, documents and more. Wind tip ratios depend on the particular wind turbine design used, the rotor airfoil profile used, as well as the number of used blades. Some information contained in it may be outdated. wadena st louis. wilkin otter tail. Michigan Public Service Commission December 2017 Net Metering & Solar Program Report for Calendar Year 2016 Page 11 Figure 9: Histogram of 2016 Wind Net Metering Installations by Capacity Size Michigan’s Solar Programs DTE SolarCurrents DTE launched SolarCurrents in 2009. All other Components Importance Factor (Ip) will be equal to 1. ˇ ˆ ˙ ˝ ˛ ˚˜ !"# ˘$ % ˚˚& ' ˜ '(˚)*'+$) i /01! /21! /31! //1! 5$ˇ! ˙ 9& =& >ˆ %= 6 ˇ ˛ ˙˙ ˙ (j k ! ˛˛ * &ˆ8 8ˆ8' 9c=9 'i8. 075g D Zone 2A = 0. Has been adapted from a document prepared for the International Standards Organisation (ISO). loads are longitudinal and transverse, skewed superstructure loads are converted (using vector components) to normal and parallel footing loads. Rain Loads: Ponding - water accumulates on roof faster than it runs off thus increasing the roof 18. 1 Cs = S DS / (R/I E) (ASCE Equation 12.